The Historic Route covers tourist destinations in northern Ethiopia. The principal attractions in the historic route are Axum, Lalibela, Gonder, and Bahir Dar.
A trip either by air or surface enables visitors to see the rich history the country is bestowed with. In addition to the sites in the four towns, extensions could be arranged to explore amazing attractions in the circuit. The pre-Axumite settlement at Yeha, the Monastery of Debre Damo- accessible only by a rope pulley, the great rock hewn churches of Tigray, the town of Negash – where the first Moslems that fled persecution in Arabia were believed to be settled and many more sites could complement the trip.
AXUM is the ancient capital whereby Ethiopia's earliest history is rooted. It is the capital of one of the most glorious empires of the ancient world dating back to 1000 BC. The earliest capital was Yeha, with Temple of the Moon and an ancient church dedicated to one of the Nine Saints, who came to Ethiopia in the 6th century. Adulis was Axum's main outlet to the sea.
The Axumite Kingdom was known as the most powerful state between the Roman Empire and Persia. Once the seat of the Queen of Sheba, this ancient capital is the site of the famous Obelisks. It's through Axum where Christianity was introduced to the country in the 4 th Century. This has given rise to Axum to be a centre of religion and civilization. This ancient capital offers to the international traveller the stele field, Axum Zion (the first Ethiopian Orthodox Church), different archeological sites, tombs and remains of palaces.
Axum went into decline between the 7th and 8th centuries AD, when power moved south south to another remarkable site - Roha, later named after its inspired ruler, King Lalibela.
Lalibela is famous for its 11 rock-hewn churches built in the 12 th century. Most travel writers describe these Churches, which are still active in use, as the "Eighth Wonder of the World". They are hewn out of a living rock. Of all the churches, Bete Giorgis is famous for its architectural beauty.